Revista Brasileira de Zoologia
Print version ISSN 0101-8175
SANTOS, Cíntia P. dos; WURDIG, Norma L. and MANSUR, Maria C. D.. Larval stages of the golden mussel Limnoperna fortunei (Dunker) (Bivalvia, Mytilidae) in Guaíba Basin, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. [online]. 2005, vol.22, n.3, pp.702-708. ISSN 0101-8175. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81752005000300029.
Since the end of 1998 a small invasive bivalve, the golden mussel Limnoperna fortunei (Dunker, 1857), originating from Southeast Asia, is present in Southern Brazil. It was probably brought not intentionally in ballast water to the Guaíba Basin in Rio Grande do Sul State. In this environment, the golden mussel is causing macrofouling very rapidly with grate financial loss and damages to the native fauna and flora. Quali-quantitative samplings twice a month were performed during one year in the Guaíba lake, at Veludo Beach (30°12'35"S, 51°11'68"W) southward of the municipality of Porto Alegre. Each time, 30 litters of water were filtered through plankton net with a mash opening of 36 mm. The different larval stages with the length parameters were briefly described. Different stages were recognized: five without valves and four valved. The first one recognized as a ciliated stage develops into the trocophora (length from 80 µm to 125 µm) with four distinct stages. The valved stages include: the "D" - shaped (length 120 µm to 150 µm), the straight-hinged veliger (length 150 µm to 190 µm), umbonated-veliger (length 190 µm to 220 µm) and pediveliger (length 220 µm to 250 µm). When pos-larvae or plantigrades (length about 300 µm), they secrete the byssus thread that permit fixation on the subtract. Larvae were present during all the samplings with strong October-December peaks.
Keywords : Freshwater; invasive; larvae; South-America.