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Horticultura Brasileira

versão impressa ISSN 0102-0536versão On-line ISSN 1806-9991

Resumo

CHARLO, Hamilton César de O et al. Performance of yellow sweet peppers hybrids grown in coconut husk fiber. Hortic. Bras. [online]. 2009, vol.27, n.2, pp.155-159. ISSN 0102-0536.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-05362009000200006.

The yield of five yellow sweet pepper hybrids was evaluated in protected cultivation, using coconut fiber and fertirrigation. The experiment was arranged in a randomized blocks design, with five cultivars (Zarco, CLX 1463, Línea, Matador and Eppo) and four replications, therefore each plot comprised eleven plants. Plants were grown in open system, in plastic pots of 13 L, transplanting one seedling pot, which was produced in polystyrene trays. The spacing utilized was single row spacing of 0.8 m, double rows of 1.10 m and plant spacing of 0.5 m. The plants were trained individually in "V" shape with four main stems. Fruits were harvested at ideal size, with at least 70% of the skin yellow colored. There were studied: fruit mean length and diameter, the ratio length/diameter, pulp thickness, total soluble solids content, pH, number of fruits per plant, total weight of fruits per plant, mean fruit weight, total and commercial yield and fruit classification. The hybrid CLXP 1463 yielded fruits of greater length and diameter. This hybrid produced lower number of fruit per plant, but with greater mass. For the characteristics of pulp thickness, total soluble solids and pH there was not significant difference between hybrids. The hybrids CLXP 1463, Eppo and Matador showed themselves to be promising, with commercial yields of 107.61, 102.62 and 95.31 t ha-1, respectively. The whole production of the hybrids CLXP 1463, Eppo, Línea and Matador was classified as Extra.

Palavras-chave : Capsicum annuum; yield; substrate.

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