Jornal de Pneumologia
versão impressa ISSN 0102-3586
PAULIN, Elaine; BRUNETTO, Antonio Fernando e CARVALHO, Celso Ricardo Fernandes. Effects of a physical exercises program designed to increase thoracic mobility in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. J. Pneumologia [online]. 2003, vol.29, n.5, pp. 287-294. ISSN 0102-3586. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-35862003000500007.
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is detrimental to lung mechanics and peripheral muscles. The physical programs developed for this condition are usually targeted to an improvement on aerobics capacity. Programs that approach specifically the changes in thoracic mobility and thoracic muscles are rare. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of a physical exercise program designed to increase chest wall mobility on functional and psychosocial capacity in moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. METHODS: Thirty patients with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were studied. They were randomized to 2 groups: control group (CG) and treated group (TG). The CG was submitted to an educational program and the TG was submitted to an educational program plus a physical exercise program aiming to increase chest wall mobility. Variables included spirometry, thoracic mobility, quality of life, anxiety and depression levels and a six minute walk test (6MWT). RESULTS: After 2 months of training, only the TG presented improvements on chest wall mobility (from 4.20 ± 0.58 cm to 5.27 ± 0.58 cm; p = 0.05) and 6MWT (from 469.73 ± 31.99 m to 500.60 ± 27.38 m; p = 0.01). It was also observed that the TG presented improvement on the St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) score, Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire (CRQ), and Beck's depression scale after 2 months of treatment. Pulmonary function did not improve either in the CG or in the TG group. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that exercises aimed to the increasing of chest wall mobility improve thoracic mobility, quality of life, submaximal exercise capacity, and reduce dyspnea and depression symptoms in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients.
Palavras-chave : COPD; Thoracic mobility; Quality of life; Capacity of exercise; Dyspnea.