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Sba: Controle & Automação Sociedade Brasileira de Automatica

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PAIVA, Henrique Mohallem; GALVAO, Roberto Kawakami Harrop  and  RODRIGUES, Luis. A wavelet-based multivariable approach for fault detection in dynamic systems. Sba Controle & Automação [online]. 2009, vol.20, n.4, pp.455-464. ISSN 0103-1759.

This paper presents a multivariable extension to a recently proposed wavelet-based technique for fault detection. In the original formulation, the Discrete Wavelet Transform is used to carry out dynamic consistency checks between pairs of signals within frequency subbands. For this purpose, moving average models with an integrative term are employed to reproduce the dynamics of the system in each subband under consideration. The present work introduces a new architecture allowing the use of subband models with more general multivariable structures. More specifically, a multivariable ARX (autoregressive with exogenous input) structure is adopted for each subband model. The proposed technique is illustrated in a case study involving a nonlinear simulation model for an aircraft with a sensor fault. The results show that the multivariable approach outperforms the original formulation in terms of residue amplification following the fault onset.

Keywords : Dynamic Systems; Analytical Redundancy; Fault Detection; Wavelets; Multivariable Systems.

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