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Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society

Print version ISSN 0103-5053

Abstract

REZENDE, Marcos Caroli  and  MILLAN, Daniela. Theoretical substituent electrophilicities. J. Braz. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2011, vol.22, n.11, pp.2078-2086. ISSN 0103-5053.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532011001100009.

A Hammett-like equation, relating theoretical global and substituent electrophilicities, is derived for substituted ethylenes and benzoic acids, allowing the calculation of electrophilic substituent constants σω. Correlations are given between the theoretical σω constants and kinetic or thermodynamic parameters of various chemical processes from the literature. Though electrophilic substituent constants are formally similar to the Hammett constants, they are derived from entirely different theoretical postulates. The similarities and differences between the two sets of constants are discussed and rationalized in terms of the definition of the electrophilic power of a chemical species.

Keywords : substituent electrophilicity; electrophilicity index; Hammett equation; sigma constants.

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