Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
versão impressa ISSN 0103-507X
LINCK JUNIOR, Arnildo; REGO FILHO, Eduardo de Almeida; MORIYA, Luiza Kazuco e CARDOSO, Jefferson Rosa. Adrenal insufficiency in children with sepsis. Rev. bras. ter. intensiva [online]. 2011, vol.23, n.4, pp. 478-483. ISSN 0103-507X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-507X2011000400013.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of adrenal insufficiency in children diagnosed with sepsis that were staying in pediatric intensive care units and to establish the association between adrenal function and the use of vasoactive drugs, mechanical ventilation time and mortality. METHODS: A cohort-designed study was conducted to assess the incidence of adrenal insufficiency in children aged 29 days to 12 years who were diagnosed with sepsis using the adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) stimulation test. RESULTS: Thirty-nine children were included in the study. The frequency of adrenal insufficiency was 30.7% (12 patients). Children with adrenal insufficiency had an increased need for vasoactive drugs as well as longer mechanical ventilation times; however, the differences were not statistically significant. A Kaplan-Meier curve indicated lower survival rates among the adrenal insufficiency children, but the differences were not statistically significant (p = 0.1263). No differences were identified between the adrenal sufficiency and adrenal insufficiency groups in regards to mechanical ventilation time, use of vasoactive drugs, infection type and chronic disease. CONCLUSION: This study determined the frequency of adrenal insufficiency in children with sepsis and its relationship to increased mortality within the first 28 post-admission days. No statistically significant association was found between adrenal insufficiency and mechanical ventilation time or the use of vasoactive drugs.
Palavras-chave : Sepsis; Adrenal insufficiency; Corticotropin-releasing hormone; Vasoactive drugs; Children.