Brazilian Dental Journal
On-line version ISSN 1806-4760
WATANABE, Marlívia G.C.. Root caries prevalence in a group of Brazilian adult dental patients. Braz. Dent. J. [online]. 2003, vol.14, n.3, pp. 153-156. ISSN 1806-4760. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-64402003000300002.
The aim of this study was to measure the caries prevalence in the root surface in a group of Brazilian adults. The prevalence and their intraoral distribution of caries lesions of root surface were assessed in dental patients ranging in age from 35 to 44 and from 50 to 59 years of age of both sexes (n=360). A total of 98.9% had root surfaces with gingival recession and 78.1% had at least one root caries lesion. The prevalence of the disease was analyzed using the Root Caries Index (RCI). The average value was greater for women (18.6%) than for men (13.4%) (p<0.01) and similar in both age groups (p>0.01). The maxillary canines and first premolars and the mandibular molars presented the greatest RCI values. The RCI was greater in the proximal surface of the maxilla and buccal surface of the mandible. We conclude that caries of the root surface are present in the Brazilian population and deserve attention concerning their actual role in the epidemiology of principal oral diseases of the adult population.
Keywords : root caries; epidemiology; adult population.