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Ciência Rural

Print version ISSN 0103-8478On-line version ISSN 1678-4596


FILGUEIRA, Raúl Roberto; GOLIK, Inés Silvina; SARLI, Oliverio Guillermo  and  JATIMLIANSKY, Raúl Jaime. Anatomical and physiological characteristics of two argentine wheat cultivars. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2003, vol.33, n.4, pp.641-645. ISSN 0103-8478.

Two Argentine field grown wheat cultivars (Triticum aestivum L.), Buck Cencerro (BC) with traditional germoplasm, and Buck Pucará (BP) with Mexican germoplasm, have been investigated in order to compare anatomical and physiological characteristics of the flag leaf measured in heading (stage E59), anthesis (stage E69) and kernel water ripe (stage 71). In both cultivars, photosynthetic rate was not different for the same phenological stage, except for E71. Averages in stage E59 were higher than stages E69 and E71 for both cultivars (22.70, 18.40 and 10.40 µmol m-2 s-1 for BP and 23.82, 18.41 and 8.28 µmol m-2 s-1 for BC, respectively). Transpiration rates were higher in BP (5.0, 5.6 and 4.89 mmol m-2 s-1) than BC (3.3, 4.4 and 2.57 mmol m-2 s-1) for stages E59, E69 and E71, respectively. Consequently, instantaneous water use efficiencies were higher in BC than in BP. No difference between cultivars and phenological stages was observed in specific surface area (mesophyll area per unit mass) determined by physical adsorption of nitrogen at low temperature (78° K); the mean was 8.9 m2 g-1. It was similar as values found in previous works, in others T. aestivum L. and greater than the values found for Ligustrum lucidum Aiton, by the same technique. Differences could be attributed to the roughness of the cell wall and the dimensions of the cell itself. No positive correlation between specific surface and photosynthetic rate was observed neither for cultivars nor for phenological stages.

Keywords : specific leaf area; mesophyll area; carbon dioxide exchange; transpiration; leaf anatomy; conductance.

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