Print version ISSN 0103-8478
MARTINS, Juliano Dalcin et al. Estimating the phyllocron in maize hybrids with different cycles of vegetative development. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2012, vol.42, n.5, pp. 777-783. ISSN 0103-8478. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782012000500003.
The phyllochron is defined as the thermal time needed for the appearance of successive leaves on the plant main stem. Through the phyllochron it is possible to calculate the length of the growing period and thus the flowering period based on the air temperature. This study aimed to determine the phyllochron from different maize hybrids. Three field experiments were carried out during the agricultural years of 2007/08, 2008/09 and 2009/2010. The experimental design was one of randomized blocks with three repetitions. The treatments consisted of 18, 22 and 24 maize hybrid during the three agricultural years of 2007/08, 2008/09 and 2009/2010, respectively. The phyllochron was estimated by the inverse of the angular coefficient of the linear regression between the number of leaves and the accumulated thermal sum from emergence on (base temperature = 10°C). The calculated phyllochron varied from 44.3 to 34.4°C day-1 leaf-1 among the evaluated hybrids, being the phyllochron value of hybrids directly related to the precocity of the growing period.
Keywords : appearance leaves; thermal time; plant development; Zea mays.