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Scientia Agricola

On-line version ISSN 1678-992X

Abstract

REIS, Ademir; BECHARA, Fernando Campanhã  and  TRES, Deisy Regina. Nucleation in tropical ecological restoration. Sci. agric. (Piracicaba, Braz.) [online]. 2010, vol.67, n.2, pp.244-250. ISSN 1678-992X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-90162010000200018.

Ecological theories of facilitation and nucleation are proposed as a basis for environmental restoration in tropical ecosystems. The main goal of this paper is to present restoration techniques based on the concept of nucleation, in which small nuclei of vegetation are established within a degraded land. The nucleation techniques (artificial shelters for animals, planting of herbaceous shrub life forms, soil and seed bank translocation, seed rain translocation, soil and seed rain translocation's seedling set, artificial perches, planting of native trees in groups, and ecological stepping-stones with functional groups) promote the landscape connectivity on two flows: inward: receiver connectivity and outward: donor connectivity. The nuclei development represents an alternative for restoration by prioritizing the natural processes of succession. This methodology appears to take long to generate vegetation corresponding to tropical climates, but is fundamental in the formation of communities capable of acting, in the future, as a new functional nuclei within the current fragmented landscape. This strategy also encourages greater integration between the theories and projects of ecological restoration for the development of human resources and to benefit the restoration practitioner.

Keywords : facilitation; succession; heterogeneity; landscape connectivity; degraded areas.

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