Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem
On-line version ISSN 1518-8345
CASARIN, Santina Nunes Alves et al. Case management: evolution of the concept in the 80's and 90's. Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem [online]. 2002, vol.10, n.4, pp.472-477. ISSN 1518-8345. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-11692002000400002.
Case Management is a term that is present in almost every American health care situation. It is mostly used to coordinate community services with satisfactory results for the patient within a certain period of time, with limited resources. Through time, it has been used for different purposes. The goal of this study was to show the historical evolution of case management as expressed by the American nursing literature, in the 80's and 90's, according to its use, meaning, and application, and following a theoretical framework for concept analysis. The data was extracted from two journals: "Nursing Management" and "Journal of Nursing Administration". The publications showed case management portrayed as a process that serves a common goal; where quality and cost of care were the prevalent and influential elements along time, and its practice focusing in a given population defined as of high risk and high cost for health care.
Keywords : case management; nursing care; managed care program.