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Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem

On-line version ISSN 1518-8345

Abstract

MATHIAS, Thais Aidar de Freitas; JORGE, Maria Helena Prado de Mello  and  ANDRADE, Oséias Guimarães de. Morbidity and mortality due to external causes among elders in the south of Brazil. Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem [online]. 2006, vol.14, n.1, pp.17-24. ISSN 1518-8345.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-11692006000100003.

We analyzed morbidity and mortality rates due to external causes among elderly persons in a city in the South of Brazil. Data about deaths, from 1979 to 1998, and about hospital admissions, from 1995 to 1998, were obtained from the Mortality Information System and the Hospital Information System of the Brazilian Ministry of Health. Population data were based on the national demographic census. Mortality rates due to external causes decreased 16.2%, but levels increased in advanced ages, especially for women. Falls, pedestrian accidents and other road accidents were the most important external causes of death in this population. In the last three years of this study, mortality rates were higher for pedestrian accidents among men and for falls among women (64.8 and 58.3 per 100.000 inhabitants, respectively). Hospital admissions due to injuries and intoxications decreased in the period. Among the 146 admissions in 1998, 45.9% were due to falls. The community has to recognize that elderly persons are exposed to accidents and that preventive measures are needed.

Keywords : geriatric nursing; aged; mortality; morbidity; wounds and injuries; health statistics; information systems.

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