Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem
Print version ISSN 0104-1169
APOSTOLO, João Luís Alves; VIVEIROS, Catarina Sofia Castro; NUNES, Helena Isabel Ribeiro and DOMINGUES, Helena Raquel Faustino. Illness uncertainty and treatment motivation in type 2 diabetes patients. Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem [online]. 2007, vol.15, n.4, pp. 575-582. ISSN 0104-1169. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-11692007000400009.
AIMS: To characterize the uncertainty in illness and the motivation for treatment and to evaluate the existing relation between these variables in individuals with type 2 diabetes. METHOD: Descriptive, correlational study, using a sample of 62 individuals in diabetes consultation sessions. The Uncertainty Stress Scale and the Treatment Self-Regulation Questionnaire were used. RESULTS: The individuals with type 2 diabetes present low levels of uncertainty in illness and a high motivation for treatment, with a stronger intrinsic than extrinsic motivation. A negative correlation was verified between the uncertainty in the face of the prognosis and treatment and the intrinsic motivation. DISCUSSION: These individuals are already adapted, acting according to the meanings they attribute to illness. Uncertainty can function as a threat, intervening negatively in the attribution of meaning to the events related to illness and in the process of adaptation and motivation to adhere to treatment. Intrinsic motivation seems to be essential to adhere to treatment.
Keywords : uncertainty; motivation; diabetes mellitus; type 2.