Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem
Print version ISSN 0104-1169
MOTTA, Giordana de Cássia Pinheiro da; ECHER, Isabel Cristina and LUCENA, Amália de Fátima. Factors Associated with Smoking in Pregnancy. Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem [online]. 2010, vol.18, n.4, pp. 809-815. ISSN 0104-1169. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-11692010000400021.
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to identify factors related to smoking during pregnancy. The sample included 267 puerperae hospitalized in the maternity unit of a university hospital in Porto Alegre/RS. The data were collected through a self-applied instrument and statistically analyzed. The majority of the puerperae (51.3%) were between 18 and 25 years old, 55.4% were nonsmokers, 25.5% were smokers, 19.1% had recently ceased smoking (in abstinence). The nonsmokers had more consultations than the smokers and the abstinent smokers (p=0.025). The number of women who had more than one child was higher among smokers than among nonsmokers and abstinent smokers (p=0.002). Women were more likely to stop smoking before pregnancy when they had a partner who was a nonsmoker (p=0.007). Several factors influence smoking and smoking cessation and these are important in prenatal interventions aimed at pregnant women and their partners.
Keywords : Smoking; Pregnancy; Prenatal Care; Tobacco Use Cessation.