SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.18 número5Iatrogenias nas unidades de terapia intensiva: dramaticidade dos problemas bio/éticos contemporâneosObjetos educacionais na consulta de enfermagem: avaliação da tecnologia por estudantes de graduação índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados

Journal

Artigo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

Compartilhar


Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem

versão On-line ISSN 1518-8345

Resumo

ZAMBRANO-SANCHEZ, Elizabeth; MARTINEZ-WBALDO, María del Consuelo  e  POBLANO, Adrián. Risk Factor Frequency for Learning Disabilities in Low Socioeconomic Level Preschool Children in Mexico City. Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem [online]. 2010, vol.18, n.5, pp.998-1004. ISSN 1518-8345.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0104-11692010000500022.

The objective was to identify the frequency of risk factors for Learning Disabilities (LD) in low socioeconomic level children in Mexico City. We studied children by means of: Wechsler, Bender-Gestalt, and Human drawing tests. Average age of male subjects was 5.6±0.9 years, while that of the female group was 5.4±0.5 years. In male subjects, average Total intelligence quotient (T-IQ) score was 98±12.2 while, in the female group, this was 99±12.2. On the Bender-Gestalt test, male subjects had a mental and visual-motor average age of <1 year under chronological age. Female subjects had a mental and visual-motor age 8-7 months under the norm. On the Human drawing test, in male and female subjects, the most frequent at-risk features comprised: self-isolation in 25% of subjects, shyness in 22.4%, and poor internal controls in 22%. In conclusion, we found a high at-risk factor frequency for LD in children of low socioeconomic strata. We highlight the importance of screening children before they attain school age.

Palavras-chave : Learning Disorders; Child, Preschool; Intelligence; Human Development; Risk Factors.

        · resumo em Português | Espanhol     · texto em Português | Inglês | Espanhol     · Português ( pdf ) | Inglês ( pdf ) | Espanhol ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License Todo o conteúdo deste periódico, exceto onde está identificado, está licenciado sob uma Licença Creative Commons