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Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem
On-line version ISSN 1518-8345
AGUIAR, Adriana Sousa Carvalho de et al. Association of the red reflex in newborns with neonatal variables. Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem [online]. 2011, vol.19, n.2, pp.309-316. ISSN 1518-8345. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-11692011000200012.
The aim of this study was to investigate the results of the red reflex test and to associate these results with neonatal variables. This descriptive study was conducted with 190 newborns in a public maternity hospital. A total of 187 infants presented no alteration and three presented suspect results. Different shades of reflex color were observed: 50 (26.3%) presented red; 34 (17.9%) orange-red, 92 (48.4%) orange, 11 (5.8%) light yellow and three (1.6%) milky white spots. Statistically significant associations between the color gradient instrument and neonatal variables were found: weight (p=0.03), gestational age (p=0.019) and oxygen therapy (p=0.024). Nurses trained to practice and evaluate this test may become professionals in the potential for the prevention of childhood blindness.
Keywords : Eye Health; Blindness; Pediatric Nursing; Neonatal Screening.