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Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem
On-line version ISSN 1518-8345
GONCALVES, Natália et al. Biopsychosocial factors that interfere in the rehabilitation of burn victims: integrative literature review. Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem [online]. 2011, vol.19, n.3, pp.622-630. ISSN 1518-8345. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-11692011000300023.
This study aimed to identify the biopsychosocial factors that influence the rehabilitation of burn victims, through an integrative literature review, from January 1987 to January 2007. Articles were searched in databases Scielo, Pubmed and Lilacs, resulting in 982 articles, of which 45 were selected, after the analysis and categorization processes. Most studies were descriptive and qualitative. The most frequently associated factors to the rehabilitation process were: mental health state before the accident, coping strategies and family support, besides the severity of the burn and the total body surface area burned. The quality of the selected studies, most classified as evidence level VI, shows the scarce production of strong evidences in this knowledge area, which needs more investment, considering the important implications of the sequelae of burns in the social reintegration of these people.
Keywords : Rehabilitation; Burns; Social Support.