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Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem
On-line version ISSN 1518-8345
BARBOSA, Andréa Lopes; CARDOSO, Maria Vera Lúcia Moreira Leitão; BRASIL, Thays Bezerra and SCOCHI, Carmen Gracinda Silvan. Endotracheal and upper airways suctioning: changes in newborns’ physiological parameters. Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem [online]. 2011, vol.19, n.6, pp.1369-1376. ISSN 1518-8345. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-11692011000600013.
This study investigated which physiological parameters change when endotracheal and upper airway suctioning is performed immediately before, immediately after and five minutes after this procedure is performed in newborns hospitalized in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). This is a quantitative and longitudinal study, before and after type, performed in the NICU of a public institution in the city of Fortaleza, CE, Brazil. The sample was composed of 104 newborns using oxigenotherapy and who needed endotracheal and upper airway suctioning. The results showed significant alterations in respiratory and heart rates (p<0.05) in neonates using Oxyhood and nasal CPAP while the pulse significantly changed (p<0.05) in newborns placed in oxyhood, using nasal CPAP and Mechanical Ventilation; oxygen saturation was the only parameter that did not alter significantly. We propose that nurses develop non-pharmacological interventions to reduce potential alterations caused in newborns’ physiological parameters due to this procedure.
Keywords : Newborn Infants; Physiological Processes; Oxygen Inhalation Therapy; Respiratory Aspiration; Neonatal Nursing.