Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem
Print version ISSN 0104-1169
RODRIGUEZ-GAZQUEZ, María de los Ángeles; ARREDONDO-HOLGUIN, Edith and HERRERA-CORTES, Richard. Effectiveness of an educational program in nursing in the self-care of patients with heart failure: randomized controlled trial. Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem [online]. 2012, vol.20, n.2, pp. 296-306. ISSN 0104-1169. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-11692012000200012.
Unblinded randomized controlled clinical trial to evaluate the effectiveness of an educational program in nursing (educational meetings, home visits, telenursing and a printed book) in the improvement of self-care behaviors in patients with heart failure was evaluated. Thirty-three people participated in the intervention group and thirty in the control group. At the beginning and at the end of the study (ninth month), Nancy Artinian's Heart Failure Self-care Behaviors Scale was applied to assess the level of self-care. 66.0% of the intervention group versus 26.6% of the control group improved the self-care score by at least 20% (p<0.001). The Number Needed to Treat was 2.5. The findings suggest that the educational intervention has beneficial effects on the self-care behaviors of people with heart failure.
Keywords : Heart Failure; Self-Care; Education, Nursing; Randomized Controlled Trial.