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Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem
On-line version ISSN 1518-8345
MOTA, Aline Nair Biaggio and TURRINI, Ruth Natalia Teresa. Perioperative latex hypersensitivity reactions: an integrative literature review. Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem [online]. 2012, vol.20, n.2, pp.411-420. ISSN 1518-8345. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-11692012000200026.
This article characterizes hypersensitivity reactions during anesthetic-surgical procedures. This integrative literature review was conducted in the LILACS, CINAHL, COCHRANE and MEDLINE databases including papers published from 1966 to September 2011. A total of 17 case reports, two prevalence studies and one cohort study were identified. Latex reactions were mainly type III and the primary source of intraoperative reaction was latex gloves. The average time for clinical manifestation was 59.8 minutes after anesthetic induction; 44.4% of patients reported a reaction to latex at the pre-anesthetic evaluation. It was determined that the history of allergic reactions to latex obtained in the pre-anesthetic evaluation does not ensure the safety of patients if the staff is inattentive to the severity of the issue. There is also a tendency to initially attribute the anaphylactic event to the anesthetic drugs.
Keywords : Nursing; Latex Hypersensitivity; Perioperative Care; Review.