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Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem

On-line version ISSN 1518-8345

Abstract

PEDROLO, Edivane; DANSKI, Mitzy Tannia Reichembach  and  VAYEGO, Stela Adami. Chlorhexidine and gauze and tape dressings for central venous catheters: a randomized clinical trial. Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem [online]. 2014, vol.22, n.5, pp.764-771. ISSN 1518-8345.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0104-1169.3443.2478.

OBJECTIVE:

to assess the effectiveness of the chlorhexidine antimicrobial dressing in comparison to the gauze and tape dressing in the use of central venous catheters.

METHOD:

a randomized clinical trial was conducted in the intensive care and adult semi intensive care units of a university hospital in the south of Brazil. The subjects were patients using short-term central venous catheters, randomly assigned to the intervention (chlorhexidine antimicrobial dressing) or control (gauze and micro porous tape) groups.

RESULTS:

a total of 85 patients were included: 43 in the intervention group and 42 in the control group. No statistically significant differences were found between dressings in regard to the occurrence of: primary bloodstream infections (p-value = 0.5170); local reactions to the dressing (p-value = 0.3774); and dressing fixation (p-value = 0.2739).

CONCLUSION:

both technologies are effective in covering central venous catheters in regard to the investigated variables and can be used for this purpose. Registry ECR: RBR-7b5ycz.

Keywords : Clinical Trial; Chlorhexidine; Catheterization, Central Venous; Technology; Nursing; Bandages.

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