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Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem

Print version ISSN 0104-1169On-line version ISSN 1518-8345

Abstract

ARAUJO, Wanda Scherrer de; ROMERO, Walckiria Garcia; ZANDONADE, Eliana  and  AMORIM, Maria Helena Costa. Effects of relaxation on depression levels in women with high-risk pregnancies: a randomised clinical trial. Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem [online]. 2016, vol.24, e2806.  Epub Sep 09, 2016. ISSN 0104-1169.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1518-8345.1249.2806.

Objective:

to analyse the effects of relaxation as a nursing intervention on the depression levels of hospitalised women with high-risk pregnancies.

Methods:

a randomised clinical trial realised in a reference centre for high-risk pregnancies. The sample consisted of 50 women with high-risk pregnancies (25 in the control group and 25 in the intervention group). The Benson relaxation technique was applied to the intervention group for five days. Control variables were collected using a predesigned form, and the signs and symptoms of depression were evaluated using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS), version 20.0, was used with a significance level of 5%. The Wilcoxon and paired t-tests were used to evaluate depression levels between two timepoints. Using categorical data, the McNemar test was used to analyse differences in depression severity before and after the intervention.

Results:

depression levels decreased in the intervention group five days after the relaxation technique was applied (4.5 ± 3, p<0.05) compared with the levels at the first timepoint (10.3±5.9).

Conclusion:

as a nursing intervention, relaxation was effective in decreasing the symptoms of depression in hospitalised women with high-risk pregnancies.

Keywords : Relaxation; Depression; Pregnancy, High-Risk; Nursing Care.

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