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Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem

On-line version ISSN 1518-8345

Abstract

SANTOS, Alane Santana  and  PORTES, Arlindo José Freire. Perceptions of deaf subjects about communication in Primary Health Care. Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem [online]. 2019, vol.27, e3127.  Epub Mar 18, 2019. ISSN 1518-8345.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1518-8345.2612.3127.

Objective:

to analyze the perceptions of deaf individuals about the communication process with health professionals of the state of Rio de Janeiro.

Methods:

cross-sectional observational study. Data were collected through the application of a questionnaire with quantitative and qualitative questions to 121 deaf adults. Objective responses were studied descriptively through frequency tables and analyzed by inferential statistics and logistic regression. The data from the open questions were analyzed through content analysis.

Results:

the lack of interpreters and the lack of use of the Brazilian Sign Language by professionals were perceived as the main communication barriers. In turn, the presence of companions who are listeners (73%) and the use of mime/gestures (68%) were among the strategies most used by the deaf. The majority of deaf people reported insecurity in consultations, and those who best understood their diagnosis and treatment were the bilingual deaf (p = 0.0347) and the deaf who used oral communication (p = 0.0056).

Conclusion:

communication with the professionals was facilitated when the deaf people had a companion or when they used mimics and gestures. Sign language was neglected, despite the fact that the provision of care to the deaf by professionals trained to use this language is guaranteed in the legislation.

Keywords : Accessibility; Primary Health Care; Communication Barriers; Communication; Hearing Loss; Deafness.

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