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Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira

Print version ISSN 0104-4230On-line version ISSN 1806-9282

Abstract

BAGNOLI, Vicente Renato et al. Gynecological cancer and metabolic screening of 1001 elderly Brazilian women. Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. [online]. 2019, vol.65, n.10, pp.1275-1282.  Epub Nov 07, 2019. ISSN 0104-4230.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.10.1275.

OBJECTIVE

The aim of this study was to evaluate gynecological cancer and metabolic screening of Brazilian women aged 65 years or older.

METHODS

This retrospective descriptive study was conducted by including 1,001 Brazilian patients of the gynecological geriatric outpatient office of our institution to evaluate the influence of age on gynecological cancer and metabolic screening parameters at the first clinical visit. All patients were divided into three groups: a) 65 to 69 years; b) 70 to 74 years; c) ≥ 75 years. We considered clinical, laboratorial, and image data as variables of this study. The Chi-square test was used to assess the proportion of differences among the age groups, and Kruskal-Wallis was used for quantitative variables.

RESULTS

The values of BMI and height in the group over 75 years was lower than that of the 65 to 69 years (p = 0.001). Regardless of the age group, high arterial blood pressure levels were found in 85.45% of participants. Also, many patients had glucose intolerance in the blood. The pelvic ultrasonography showed abnormal endometrial echo thickness (> 5 mm) in 6.14% of patients, but with no significant statistical difference between the age groups. A total of 4.04% of patients had ovaries with high volume values ( > 6.1 mL). Abnormal mammography (BI-RADS 3 or 4) was observed in 12.21%.

CONCLUSIONS

our data suggest that a great reduction in BMI and stature is more frequent in the group over 75 years. Also, systemic arterial hypertension and carbohydrate disturbance are frequent morbidities in women over 65 years.

Keywords : Aged; Women; Menopause; Body mass index; Genital neoplasms, Female.

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