Revista de Sociologia e Política
On-line version ISSN 1678-9873
ZUIN, João Carlos Soares. Political and cultural endeavors of Paulo Emilio Salles Gomes: 1935-1945. Rev. Sociol. Polit. [online]. 2001, n.17, pp.107-125. ISSN 1678-9873. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-44782001000200009.
The goal of this article is to supply some elements for the study of the Paulo Emilio Salles Gomes' intellectual role during the thirties and forties, particularly within the magazine, "Clima". Through biographic account, I analyze the process of formation of a critical intellectual in the midst of the social and political struggles that characterized the period, both in Brazil and at a worldwide level. My account clarifies the efforts that Paulo Emilio made in constituting and disseminating the notion of an independent socialism n Brazil, contrasting it both to the fascism and dictatorship of Getulio Vargas and to Stalinism and Trotskyism while favoring human emancipation and social revolution and sustaining individual freedoms and western civilization as core values.
Keywords : Paulo Emilio Salles Gomes; intellectual; political and cultural endeavors; independent socialism; democracy.