Revista Brasileira de Educação
Print version ISSN 1413-2478
COSTA, Marcio da. School prestige and hierarchy: a case study on differences between schools in a municipal network. Rev. Bras. Educ. [online]. 2008, vol.13, n.39, pp. 455-469. ISSN 1413-2478. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-24782008000300004.
This paper explores the differences between public schools which are part of the same educational system. It is part of a research project that seeks to understand the elements which differentiate the quality of educational institutions which, when submitted to the same authority and to the same rules, and integrating the same system and having equivalent resources, present considerable disparity in many aspects and clearly have opposing reputations. Our endeavour, based on research literature directed at the differentiation between schools ("school matters" or "school effects") and school effectiveness, is composed of a case study in six municipal schools of the city of Rio de Janeiro, organized in pairs, in three different geographical and socioeconomic regions of the city. Each pair was chosen in the attempt to contemplate schools that clearly posses opposing prestige, located in neighbouring areas, with the capacity to attend similar kinds of people. The results show a complex socioeconomic and cultural differentiation that closely intertwines social and educational hierarchies.
Keywords : school prestige; school hierarchies; sociology of education.