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Estudos de Psicologia (Natal)
On-line version ISSN 1678-4669
MARTINEZ, Albertina Mitjáns. Child work and subjectivity: a necessary approach. Estud. psicol. (Natal) [online]. 2001, vol.6, n.2, pp.235-244. ISSN 1678-4669. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-294X2001000200011.
On the basis of theoretical framework oriented towards the topic of subjectivity within cultural-historical approach the pertinence and need of the study and development of individual subjectivity of children working are discussed, emphasizing the heuristic value of the categories of subjectivity, personality, and subject in the comprehension of the impact of child work on psychological development. The results of an exploratory study with adolescent workers are presented, in which four differentiating ways of subjectivization of work activity clearly appear. This fact may also influence on differentiating ways in the development of subjectivity. Based on these results the meaning of certain general assumptions related to the consequences of child work on psychological development is questioned. These assumptions frequently appear in specialized literature in relation to this topic. Finally, it is suggested that a better and deep knowledge about the complexity of subjective constitution of the subject may contribute to the development of differentiating educational strategies, potentially more effective, in order to educate this population.
Keywords : Subjectivity; Child work; Cultural-historical Approach; Child development.