Estudos de Psicologia (Natal)
versão impressa ISSN 1413-294X
RIBAS JR., Rodolfo de Castro et al. Socioeconomic status in Brazilian psychological research: I. validity, measurement, and application. Estud. psicol. (Natal) [online]. 2003, vol.8, n.3, pp. 375-383. ISSN 1413-294X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-294X2003000300004.
This review has several objectives: To describe and discuss theoretical conceptions of the construct of socioeconomic status (SES) and to argue for its vital role in psychological research; to present and analyze procedures employed to measure SES and trends in their utilization; and to review and discuss the use of SES measures in Brazilian psychological literature. The relative position of individuals, families, and groups in a given hierarchy (frequently converted into a score produced by a scale) is what has usually been called SES. The main indicators and procedures used to measure SES are discussed in regard to its advantages and disadvantages. A review of the literature offers evidence of the importance of the SES in different psychological processes. A systematic evaluation of articles from the PsycARTICLES database was conducted and revealed that the percentage of articles published annually that employed socioeconomic status increased steadily and substantially from 1988 through 2000 and that SES has been consistently applied more in some research areas (e.g., developmental, clinical, social psychology). A content analysis of the use of SES in articles published from 1981 through 2001 in three prominent Brazilian psychology journals was conducted showing that reliable SES measures are not commonly used in the Brazilian psychological literature. The results of these reviews and analyses are discussed in terms of their implications for further progress of psychological literature, especially in Brazil, with regard SES.
Palavras-chave : socioeconomic status; brazilian research; measurement; validity.