SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.14 número3The influence of sociodemographic, clinical and functional variables on the quality of life of elderly people with total hip arthroplastyElectromyographic and magnetic resonance imaging evaluations of individuals with patellofemoral pain syndrome índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados




Links relacionados


Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy

versión impresa ISSN 1413-3555


AVELAR, Núbia C. P.; BASTONE, Alessandra C.; ALCANTARA, Marcus A.  y  GOMES, Wellington F.. Effectiveness of aquatic and non-aquatic lower limb muscle endurance training in the static and dynamic balance of elderly people. Rev. bras. fisioter. [online]. 2010, vol.14, n.3, pp.229-236. ISSN 1413-3555.

BACKGROUND: Aging compromises the ability of the central nervous system to maintain body balance and reduces the capacity for adaptive reactions. To prevent falls, the reception conditions for sensory information need to be improved. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of a structured aquatic and a non-aquatic exercise program for lower-limb muscle endurance on the static and dynamic balance of elderly people. METHODS: This was a prospective randomized clinical study in which the variables were assessed before and after the training program. Thirty-six elderly people were evaluated using four tests: the Berg Balance Scale, Dynamic Gait Index, gait speed and tandem gait. The participants were randomized into three groups: aquatic exercise group, non-aquatic exercise group and control group. The exercise groups underwent a program for lower-limb muscle endurance that consisted of 40-minute sessions twice a week for six weeks. The participants were reevaluated after six weeks. The data were analyzed statistically using the univariate ANOVA test for comparisons between the groups before and after the intervention. RESULTS: The program for lower-limb muscle endurance significantly increased balance (p<0.05) in the evaluation tests after the training program. CONCLUSION: The muscle endurance program provided a significant improvement in static and dynamic balance among community-dwelling elderly people. It was also possible to infer that this improvement occurred regardless of the environment, i.e. aquatic or non-aquatic.

Palabras clave : hydrotherapy; physical therapy; elderly people.

        · resumen en Portugués     · texto en Portugués | Inglés     · Inglés ( pdf epdf ) | Portugués ( pdf epdf )


Creative Commons License Todo el contenido de esta revista, excepto dónde está identificado, está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons