Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental
versão impressa ISSN 1415-4366
FREITAS, Cley A. S. de et al. Growth of irrigated sunflower under different water sources and nitrogen fertilization. Rev. bras. eng. agríc. ambient. [online]. 2012, vol.16, n.10, pp. 1031-1039. ISSN 1415-4366. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-43662012001000001.
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the growth of sunflower crop irrigated with different water sources (both treated wastewater and well water) and application of different rates of nitrogen fertilizer. The experiment was conducted at the Research Center of Treatment and Reuse of Sewer Water located in the municipality of Aquiraz in the State of Ceará, Brazil. The statistical design consisted of a randomized block in split-plots with four replications. In the plots, the effects of two types of irrigation water on sunflower growth parameters was evaluated and in the subplots the effects of the five irrigation levels; according to the percentage of Class A Evaporation Pan (ECA),corresponding to the multiplication of ECA by factors of 0.25, 0.50, 0.75, 1.00 and 1.25 levels were determined. In splitplots, the effects of the four rates of nitrogen (25, 50, 75 and 100 kg ha-1) on the same growth parameters were evaluated. The plant height, stem diameter and number of leaves increased lineaRLy as a function of the irrigation water levels. The parameter values obtained for wastewater were consistently higher than those obtained with well water. The capitulum diameter increased in a quadratic manner as a function of the irrigation water levels and nitrogen fertilizer rates.
Palavras-chave : Helianthus annuus L.; treated wastewater; drip irrigation.