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Revista de Nutrição

Print version ISSN 1415-5273

Abstract

COELHO, Lorene Gonçalves; CANDIDO, Ana Paula Carlos; MACHADO-COELHO, George Luiz Lins  and  FREITAS, Silvia Nascimento de. Food habits and risk of cardiovascular disease in schoolchildren from Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais. Rev. Nutr. [online]. 2015, vol.28, n.2, pp.133-142. ISSN 1415-5273.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1415-52732015000200002.

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the relationship between food habits and risk factors for cardiovascular disease in schoolchildren of the city Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais.

METHODS:

A cross-sectional study was conducted in a population-based sample of 738 schoolchildren aged 6-14 years. A semi-structured questionnaire was used for collecting demographic, socioeconomic, biochemical, clinical, and anthropometric data. Food intake was determined by a food-frequency questionnaire. Food habits were evaluated according to the adapted Recommended Food Score. Multiple linear regression models were constructed to assess how food consumption was associated with cardiovascular risk factors.

RESULTS:

The schoolchildren presented a dietary pattern characterized by low consumption of healthy foods. Association of cardiovascular risk factors showed that the consumption of foods according to the adapted Recommended Food Score was negatively and significantly associated with tetrapolar percentage of body fat (p=0.030) and systolic blood pressure (p=0.049) in children aged 6-9 years.

CONCLUSION:

Children's dietary patterns proved to be an important determinant of some of the cardiovascular risk factors studied. Thus, food intake assessment is a primary tool for the prevention and early intervention on cardiovascular risk factors during childhood.

Keywords : Adolescent; Cardiovascular diseases; Child; Food habits; Risk factors.

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