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Revista de Nutrição

Print version ISSN 1415-5273

Abstract

MUNIZ, Vanessa Messias; CAVALCANTI, Débora Silva; LIMA, Nayalla Morais de  and  OSORIO, Mônica Maria. Food consumption of sugarcane workers' families in the Brazilian Northeast. Rev. Nutr. [online]. 2015, vol.28, n.2, pp.175-184. ISSN 1415-5273.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1415-52732015000200006.

OBJECTIVE:

To analyze the food intake of sugarcane workers' family members.

METHODS:

The food intake of 159 family members of sugarcane workers from Gameleira, Pernambuco, Brazilian Northeast, was investigated by directly weighing the foods on three non-consecutive days. The percent risk of inadequate macro- and micronutrient intakes was analyzed according to the Reference Dietary Intakes. The macronutrients were analyzed in relation to acceptable distribution intervals. The energy consumed from the various food groups was expressed as a ratio of the total energy intake.

RESULTS:

The median intake of carbohydrates and proteins remained above the Estimated Average Requirement, and all age groups presented a low risk of inadequate carbohydrate and protein intakes. The median intakes of riboflavin, niacin, thiamin, and iron remained above the Estimated Average Requirement for all age groups, but children aged 1-3 years presented a high percent risk of inadequate iron intake. All age groups presented high percent risk of inadequate zinc, calcium, vitamin A, and vitamin C intakes. Grains and derivatives had a greater participation in the total energy intake, especially in men aged 19-30 years. The group "milk and dairy products" had a greater participation in the diet of children aged 1-3 years.

CONCLUSION:

The low percent risk of inadequate carbohydrate and protein intakes in all age groups was opposed to the high risk of inadequate mineral and vitamin intakes, making the population vulnerable to nutritional disorders caused by excess macronutrient intake and inadequate micronutrient intake.

Keywords : Food consumption; Nutritional requirements; Rural population.

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