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Revista de Nutrição

Print version ISSN 1415-5273

Abstract

CORREA, Vanesa Gesser et al. Estimate of consumption of phenolic compounds by Brazilian population. Rev. Nutr. [online]. 2015, vol.28, n.2, pp.185-196. ISSN 1415-5273.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1415-52732015000200007.

OBJECTIVE:

Estimate the intake of phenolic compounds by the Brazilian population.

METHODS:

To estimate the average per capita food consumption, micro data from the National Dietary Survey and from the Household Budget Survey from 2008 to 2009 was analyzed. The phenolic content in food was estimated from the base of Phenol-Explorer. It was chosen according to compatibility and variety of food items and usual method of preparation.

RESULTS:

The Brazilian population consumed, on average, 460.15 mg/day of total phenolic compounds, derived mainly from beverages (48.9%), especially coffee and legumes (19.5%). Since this analysis of classes of phenolics it was possible to observe an intake of 314 mg/day of phenolic acids, 138.92 mg/day of flavonoids and 7.16 mg/ day of other kinds of phenolics. Regarding the variables studied this present study shows that those men who live in the countryside and in the northeastern region of the country had a higher consumption of phenolic compounds. Besides, consumption was higher by adults and the elderly, the medium income classes, the population with incomplete and complete primary education and those with adequate nutrition and also overweight status.

CONCLUSION:

The intake of phenolic compounds can be considered low, especially where consumption of fruit and vegetables is insufficient. We can conclude that coffee and black beans were the best contributors to phenolic intake.

Keywords : Antioxidants; Flavonoids; Food consumption; Phenolic compounds.

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