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Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia

Print version ISSN 1415-790X

Abstract

ANGUERA, Maria das Graças  and  GIANINI, Reinaldo José. Prevalence of fatigue reported by physiotherapists operating diathermy equipment for microwave. Rev. bras. epidemiol. [online]. 2014, vol.17, n.3, pp.577-581. ISSN 1415-790X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1809-4503201400030001.

Objective:

To Analyze the association between prevalence of fatigue referred by physical therapists and their occupational exposure to radiation emitted by therapeutic microwave diathermy equipment.

Methods:

A Cross-sectional study conducted in 193 physical therapists from four cities of the west of Paraná State, Brazil. A specified structured web questionnaire was applied for collecting data about microwave diathermy exposition and potential confounders, plus the Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue (MAF). Statistical analysis included logistic regression and Student's t-test.

Results:

The prevalence of fatigue in the category exposed to microwave diathermy was higher (15.0%) than in non-exposed (2.9%). On multivariate logistic regression, a significant independent association between exposure to microwave diathermy and prevalence of fatigue was observed (odds ratio 4.93; 95% confidence interval 1.04 - 23.25; p = 0.04). The Student's t-test showed significant difference between the number of hours exposed to diathermy microwave, being 3,839.1 within physical therapists who referred fatigue and 497.6 within others (p = 0.004).

Conclusion:

The results demonstrate a significant and independent association between occupational exposure of physical therapists to radiation of microwave diathermy and prevalence of fatigue. Therefore, occupational safety guidelines aimed at these professionals as a prevention of possible adverse effects, as well as the replication of this study are suggested.

Keywords : Physical therapists; Fatigue; Occupational exposure; Diathermy; Microwaves; Epidemiology.

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