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Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia

Print version ISSN 1415-790X

Abstract

LEITES, Gabriela Tomedi; MENEGHEL, Stela Nazareth  and  HIRAKATA, Vania Noemi. Female homicide in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Rev. bras. epidemiol. [online]. 2014, vol.17, n.3, pp.642-653. ISSN 1415-790X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1809-4503201400030006.

This study aimed to assess the female homicide rate due to aggression in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, using this as a "proxy" of femicide. This was an ecological study which correlated the female homicide rate due to aggression in Rio Grande do Sul, according to the 35 microregions defined by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), with socioeconomic and demographic variables access and health indicators. Pearson's correlation test was performed with the selected variables. After this, multiple linear regressions were performed with variables with p < 0.20. The standardized average of female homicide rate due to aggression in the period from 2003 to 2007 was 3.1 obits per 100 thousand. After multiple regression analysis, the final model included male mortality due to aggression (p = 0.016), the percentage of hospital admissions for alcohol (p = 0.005) and the proportion of ill-defined deaths (p = 0.015). The model have an explanatory power of 39% (adjusted r2 = 0.391). The results are consistent with other studies and indicate a strong relationship between structural violence in society and violence against women, in addition to a higher incidence of female deaths in places with high alcohol hospitalization.

Keywords : Homicide; Female; Aggression; Cause of death; Violence against women; Epidemiology.

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