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Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia

Print version ISSN 1415-790X

Abstract

SOUZA, Ricardo Alexandre de; OLIVEIRA, Cláudia Di Lorenzo; LIMA-COSTA, Maria Fernanda  and  PROIETTI, Fernando Augusto. Satisfaction with physical and social surroundings and the habit of smoking cigarettes in the metropolitan area of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Rev. bras. epidemiol. [online]. 2014, vol.17, n.3, pp.775-786. ISSN 1415-790X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1809-4503201400030016.

The objective of this study was to examine the association between individual satisfaction with social and physical surroundings and the habit of smoking cigarettes. Data from the Health Survey of Adults from the metropolitan area of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, were used. Based on a probability sample, participants (n = 12,299) were selected among residents aged 20 years old or more. The response variable was the smoking habit and the explanatory variable of interest was the neighborhood perception. Potential confounding variables included demographic characteristics, health behaviors and other indicators of socioeconomic position. The prevalence of current smokers, former smokers and never smokers were 20.8, 14.1 and 65.1%, respectively; 74.4 and 25.5% of the participants were categorized as being more satisfied and less satisfied with the neighborhood, respectively. Compared to those who never smoked, former smokers (adjusted odds ratio = 1.40, 95% confidence interval 1.20 - 1.62) and current smokers (adjusted odds ratio = 1.17, 95% confidence interval 1.03 - 1.34) were less satisfied with the neighborhood compared to those who never smoked. The results of this study indicate there is an independent association between the smoking habit and a less satisfying neighborhood perception in the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte, which does not depend on individual characteristics, traditionally reported as being associated with smoking.

Keywords : Smoking; Housing; Residence characteristics; Health survey; Perception; Social perception.

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