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Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia

Print version ISSN 1516-3598On-line version ISSN 1806-9290

Abstract

QUADROS, Danilo Gusmão de et al. Components of Herbage Production of Tanzania and Mombaça Pastures Fertilized with Four Doses of NPK. R. Bras. Zootec. [online]. 2002, vol.31, n.3, suppl., pp.1333-1342. ISSN 1516-3598.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982002000600003.

The experiment was conducted at the FCAV-Unesp, Jaboticabal-SP, to evaluate the effects of the fertilization with four doses of NPK on the components of dry matter (DM) and losses by trampling of two cultivars of Panicum maximum Jacq. (Tanzania and Mombaça) under grazing, having a rest period of 28 days and an average height of residue of 30 cm. A complete randomized block design was used with treatments arranged in a 2 x 4 factorial with three field replications. The fertilization doses corresponded to the reduction of 30 % and the increase of 30 and 60% in relation to a standard dose of 145; 21.6; and 180 kg/ha of N, P2O5, and K2O, respectively (assuming the contents of 1.2, 0.08, and 1.2% of N, P, and K in DM, to reach an estimated DM production of 12000 kg/ha). There was a linear effect of fertilization doses on green DM (GDM) before and after grazing. The cv. Mombaça exhibited higher herbage mass before and after grazing (9183 and 5279 kg/ha of GDM, respectively) than the cv. Tanzania (6275 and 3808 kg/ha of GDM, respectively). The proportion of leaf blade in the GDM available was lower in the cv. Tanzania (51%) than in the cv. Mombaça (54 %). The tiller density was not affected by the fertilization doses. However, the increase in tiller weight due to fertilizer doses was responsible for the higher GDM production. The senesced DM did not vary between cultivars, with a mean value of 3108 kg/ha. In general, higher rates of fertilization resulted in greater GDM accumulation rate and higher losses of GDM by trampling. The cv. Mombaça showed a greater response potential to fertilization than the cv. Tanzania with stocking rates of 6.2 and 4.0 UA/ha, respectively.

Keywords : AU/ha; green DM accumulation; DM losses by trampling; Panicum maximum; pasture fertilization.

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