Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia
On-line version ISSN 1806-9290
FREITAS, Priscila Ribeiro Corradi et al. Artificial induction of lactation in cattle. R. Bras. Zootec. [online]. 2010, vol.39, n.10, pp. 2268-2272. ISSN 1806-9290. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982010001000024.
Forty Holstein cows, with previous reproductive problems, empty, at second or more lactations, with an average milk production of 9,200 kg in the previous lactation and a dry period over than 50 days were distruibuted in two groups to evaluate two protocols of milking induction. It was given to group 1, on days one, eight and 21 recombinant bovine somatotropin-bSTr (500 mg); from day two to eight, estradiol cypionate (0.075 mg/kg BW) and medroxi progesterone acetate (0.25 mg/kg BW); from days nine to 15, estradiol cypionate (0.037 mg/kg BW); on day 19, prostaglandin F2α (0.530 mg) and from days 19 to 21, isoflupredone acetate (0.05 mg/kg BW). Group two was given, on days one, eight and 21, bSTr (500 mg), from days 2 to 15, estradiol benzoate (0.071 mg/kg BW), from days two to eight, acetate of medroxi progesterone (0.25 mg/kg BW), day 19, prostaglandin F2α(0.530 mg) and from days 19 to 21 isoflupredone acetate, (0.05 mg/kg BW). Teats and udders of all cows were massaged for five minutes from day 17 to 21. Milking were carried out from the 22nd day of induction. After beginning of lactation, both groups were given bsTr (500 mg) every 14 days. It was used a complete random design with 20 replicates per treatment and a split-plot scheme. Evaluation of the protocols was carried out by using analyses of variance using Fisher´s test at 5% and production of milking per day using regression analyses. Milking was successfully induced in 85% of the animals. Animals from group 2 showed production mean 21.9 ± 12.9 kg of milk/day which was higher than group 1 mean 18.9 ± 11.5 kg of milk/day. There was no difference for milk composition in either groups. Twenty-nine cows were inseminated and 41.1% became pregnant.
Keywords : estradiol benzoate; estradiol cypionate; milk production; somatotropin.