SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.24 número4Estudo de validade da escala South Oaks Gambling Screen junto a grupos distintos de jogadores brasileirosPrevalência de depressão em diferentes grupos de pacientes internados no Hospital Universitário da Bahia índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria

versão impressa ISSN 1516-4446
versão On-line ISSN 1809-452X


TRAMONTINA, Silzá et al. Estimated mental retardation and school dropout in a sample of students from state public schools in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Psiquiatr. [online]. 2002, vol.24, n.4, pp.177-181. ISSN 1516-4446.

OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between estimated Mental Retardation (MR) and school dropout in a sample of students of the third and fourth grades at state schools in Porto Alegre, the capital of the southernmost state of Brazil. METHOD: In this case - control study, students that dropped out from schools (n=44) and a control group who continued attending schools (n=44) had their intelligence quotient (IQ) determined by the vocabulary and cubes subtests of the Wescheler Intelligence Scale ¾ third edition (WISC¾III). Students with IQ lower than 70 were considered as potential cases of MR. Other prevalent mental disorders in this age range were assessed in both groups using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School¾ Age Children, Epidemiological Version (K-SADS-E). RESULTS: The prevalence of potential MR was significantly higher in the dropped out group than in the control group (p<0.001). Odds ratio for school dropout was significantly higher in the presence of MR even after controlling for potentially confounding factors (age, conduct disorder, grade repetition, family structure and income) (p<0.01). CONCLUSION: Children with IQ lower than 70 (potential MR) were at higher risk for school dropout. These children need to be identified at school and specific educational strategies should be implemented to assure their inclusion in the learning process.

Palavras-chave : School dropouts; Mental retardation; absenteeism; Students.

        · resumo em Português     · texto em Inglês     · Inglês ( pdf )


Creative Commons License Todo o conteúdo deste periódico, exceto onde está identificado, está licenciado sob uma Licença Creative Commons