Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Print version ISSN 1516-4446
MELLO, Valéria Antakly de and MALBERGIER, André. Depression in women infected with HIV. Rev. Bras. Psiquiatr. [online]. 2006, vol.28, n.1, pp. 10-17. ISSN 1516-4446. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-44462006000100004.
OBJETIVE:The number of women with HIV infection has been on the rise in recent years, making studies of the psychiatric aspects of this condition very important. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of major depression in women with HIV infection. METHOD: A total of 120 women were studied, 60 symptomatic (with AIDS symptoms) and 60 asymptomatic (without AIDS symptoms). Sociodemographic data were collected, and depressive disorders were identified. The instruments used to evaluate the depressive disorders were the SCID, DSM-IV, 17-item Hamilton depression scale, Hamilton depression scale for nonsomatic symptoms and the Beck depression scale. RESULTS: The prevalence of major depression was 25.8% and was higher in the symptomatic group than in the asymptomatic group (p = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of major depressive episodes in women with HIV infection is high, and women with AIDS-related symptoms are more often depressed than are those who have never presented such symptoms.
Keywords : AIDS serodiagnosis; Adjustment disorders; Female; Classification; Statistics and numerical data.