Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
versión impresa ISSN 1516-8484
AGUIAR, Taciana G. S. et al. Multicentric granulocytic sarcoma as relapse of acute myelogenous leukemia. Rev. Bras. Hematol. Hemoter. [online]. 2009, vol.31, n.3, pp. 207-210. Epub 26-Jun-2009. ISSN 1516-8484. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-84842009005000047.
Granulocytic sarcoma is an extramedullary solid tumor consisting of immature granulocytic cells. It is often associated with acute myelogenous leukemia and more rarely with other myeloproliferative disorders. The tumor generally occurs before acute myeloid leukemia, during its course or after disease remission. It has a poor prognosis with the main therapeutic options being chemotherapy and radiotherapy. A multicentric accelerated case of granulocytic sarcoma of a 45- year- old woman with diffuse skin, breast, lymphatic ganglia and subcutaneous tissue presentations no longer undergoing treatment for acute myeloid leukemia and in hematologic remission for 18 months is reported. The patient presented with severe pain of right lower limb for a week and was undergoing oral anticoagulation for 6 months due to deep venous thrombosis. After diagnosis of granulocytic sarcoma she received radiotherapy and chemotherapy with good response. After a 3- month follow- up, under chemotherapy, she presented relapse of granulocytic sarcoma in the limb followed by breast and central nervous system presentations leading to death in aplasia and sepsis.
Palabras llave : Acute myeloid leukemia; granulocytic sarcoma; chloroma; extra- medullar myeloid cell tumor.