Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology
Print version ISSN 1516-8913
SULEYMANOGLU, Erhan. Adiabatic differential scanning calorimetric study of divalent cation induced DNA - DPPC liposome formulation compacted for gene delivery. Braz. arch. biol. technol. [online]. 2004, vol.47, n.6, pp. 881-885. ISSN 1516-8913. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-89132004000600007.
Complexes between nucleic acids and phospholipid vesicles have been developed as stable non-viral gene delivery vehicles. Currently employed approach uses positively charged lipid species and a helper zwitterionic lipid, the latter being applied for the stabilization of the whole complex. However, besides problematic steps during their preparation, cationic lipids are toxic for cells. The present work describes some energetic issues pertinent to preparation and use of neutral lipid-DNA self-assemblies, thus avoiding toxicity of lipoplexes. Differential scanning calorimetry data showed stabilization of polynucleotide helix upon its interaction with liposomes in the presence of divalent metal cations. It is thus possible to suggest this self-assembly as an improved formulation for use in gene delivery.
Keywords : Nucleic acid-phospholipid interactions; divalent cation-induced complex formation; phase transitions; microcalorimetry.