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Educação e Pesquisa

versão impressa ISSN 1517-9702versão On-line ISSN 1678-4634


ANGELUCCI, Carla Biancha; KALMUS, Jaqueline; PAPARELLI, Renata  e  PATTO, Maria Helena Souza. The state of the art in the research on school failure (1991-2002): an introductory study. Educ. Pesqui. [online]. 2004, vol.30, n.1, pp.51-72. ISSN 1517-9702.

Considering the political and economical changes that took place in the Brazilian society during the last decade of the 20th century, characterized as they were, among other facts, by the rising of the neoliberal ideology and by changes in the productive sector, apart from the professed emphasis government and business sectors have placed on the necessary reform of the education system aimed at achieving a competitive economy, the objective of this article is to investigate the role industrial businessmen assign to professional education within their projects of economic development. The primary reference material used were technical documents by the Confederação Nacional da Indústria (CNI - National Confederation of Industries) and by the Federação das Indústrias do Estado de São Paulo (Fiesp - Industry Federation of the State of São Paulo), and also testimonies from leaders of those institutions extracted from various Brazilian periodicals. The conclusion has been that although Brazilian businessmen have emphasized investments in basic and professional education, such emphasis seeks to adjust education in Brazil to economic interests and not to regard it as a social right to be guaranteed by the state to all citizens. The analyses and proposals for education made by businessmen evolve around principles similar to those put forward by the World Bank, which adhere strictly to the Theory of Human Capital. The text also shows that such proposals regarding economic development and educational policy have been incorporated into the Brazilian central government agenda during the 1990s.

Palavras-chave : School failure; Literature review; Educational research; School psychology.

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