Educação e Pesquisa
Print version ISSN 1517-9702
VERA NORIEGA, José Ángel and DOMINGUEZ GUEDEA, Rosario Leticia. Teaching practice in the multigrade rural classes in a Mexican village. Educ. Pesqui. [online]. 2005, vol.31, n.1, pp. 31-43. ISSN 1517-9702. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-97022005000100003.
With the purpose of presenting a view of the multigrade classes in a rural area of extreme poverty, a statistical classification strategy is employed here proceeding by clusters. The sample population was made of 206 teachers, which were classified on the basis of data observed and verbal reporting of didactic strategies, group control, planning, and evaluation and support to learning, allowing the identification of five types in the teaching practice. The groups were contrasted with their students' results in basic academic competencies. The article highlights the importance of diversity in the didactic and group supervision strategies, and also of the variety of elements teachers employ in their planning and evaluation, as the characteristics that allow identifying the difference in students' results. Under the perspective of the current educational policy the text analyzes the impact of the mechanisms of incentives and teacher education as elements for the promotion of cognitive abilities for the teaching-learning process. The text emphasizes the conditions of the multigrade teaching in rural areas as a fundamental element in mediating the regulation of discipline control strategies and planning of teaching practice. It criticizes the current systems of compensation for their excessively managerial perspective of teaching. Finally, it emphasizes the usefulness of the classification of teaching practice for future training actions specific to the conditions of the rural area, and to the distinct levels of expertise of the teachers.
Keywords : Typology; Teaching practice; Rural area; Multigrade teaching.