Educação e Pesquisa
Print version ISSN 1517-9702
DORNELLES, Leni Vieira. The deviant-literates, or on the education at the age of six. Educ. Pesqui. [online]. 2011, vol.37, n.1, pp. 141-155. ISSN 1517-9702. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-97022011000100009.
In the present text we bring forward the study carried out with a first-year class of six-year-olds from a nine-year fundamental schooling public unit located at the outskirts of Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul. It reveals how the children from this first-year class weave their literacy process, and escape from the stigma of sorrow and failure. We analyze the documents that order and organize the life of children and teachers (MEC Law No. 11274 of 2006 and EFNA) through business and governmental programs, which thereby become the all-seeing eye - Argos Panopticon. Opting for a handicraft methodology, and based on post-structuralist studies, we interlace the analysis of legal documents with participant observations. A special situation is described here that left its mark on the literacy process of this class, namely, how Flávia, the chubby Black six-year-old girl that helps giving title to this article, firmly outside every naturalizing parameter of girl-subjects, or of those who have everything going for them in life, finds her own way to learn to read, and takes her group with her. One deals here with the joy, in its power to act, of a deviant-literate who constitutes herself as a reader of stories to her group, and how this vitality of creation transforms the learning process of children and teachers alike. The article concludes wishing that we evoke the Spinozian joy of the discovery of literacy, even if deviant, in the literacy process of six-year-old boys and girls. An invitation to deviate!
Keywords : Literacy of six-year-olds; Biopolitics; Deviant-literates; Playing; Nine-year schooling.