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Educação e Pesquisa

Print version ISSN 1517-9702

Abstract

MOLINA SAORIN, Jesús; NUNES CORREDEIRA, Rui Manuel  and  VALLEJO RUIZ, Mónica. The social perception of people with Down syndrome: the EPSD-1 scale. Educ. Pesqui. [online]. 2012, vol.38, n.4, pp.949-964. ISSN 1517-9702.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-97022012000400011.

In this research, which was financed by several institutions, we have designed an instrument that allows us to know the perception that university students of Physical Education have of people with Down syndrome. We have called this instrument the scale of Social Perception of people with Down syndrome EPSD-1, and in its design important psychosocial variables are recognized, whilst trying to discuss its properties in order to apply it to other contexts. Based on an analysis of factors, we offer ten main factors that deal with issues such as the social exclusion of people with Down syndrome, their autonomy and independence, their affective-sexual relations, their social and educational acceptance, their integration, their family attitudes, teacher education, and the social protectionism of these people. The initial sample is composed of 1.796 participants, and the results indicate that the scale devised here is a reliable and valid instrument in its application. This scale can be of great value for the Social Sciences, offering a latent relation with respect to the initial education which, since the university, is offered to students of higher education. Using a quantitative methodology, the results show that the psychometric properties of the scale are highly satisfactory, prompting us to suggest the conduction of new longitudinal and transversal studies using it to different populations with the purpose of furthering our knowledge of the social perception of people with Down syndrome, and of bringing out new facts about the tendency and evolution of these theme during the last years.

Keywords : Validation; Analysis of factors; Down's syndrome; Social perception.

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