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Brazilian Journal of Biology
On-line version ISSN 1678-4375
MAZZONI, R. and IGLESIAS-RIOS, R.. Distribution pattern of two fish species in a coastal stream in Southeast Brazil. Braz. J. Biol. [online]. 2002, vol.62, n.1, pp. 171-178. ISSN 1678-4375. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-69842002000100019.
Longitudinal distribution of Mimagoniates microlepis and Hoplias malabaricus was analyzed in a coastal stream system in Southeast Brazil. Six sites were sampled by electrofishing in seven months, from July 94 to July 95. Densities of M. microlepis, and H. malabaricus and its prey (Poecilia vivipara, Deuterodon sp. and Astyanax janeiroensis) were estimated by the Zippin method; environmental variables of: (i) kind of substratum; (ii) percentage of pools, runs, riffles, instream vegetation, and canopy were registered for each site in each sampling month. The relative importance of each biotic and abiotic variable was tested through simple correlation analyses. We verified that M. microlepis occurrence correlates with canopy; H. malabaricus is correlated with instream vegetation, pools, clay substratum, and P. vivipara densities; and P. vivipara correlates with pools and clay substratum. Our results suggest that environmental variables, and food and shelter availability are the main factors in determining M. microlepis and H. malabaricus distribution.
Keywords : stream fish distribution; East basin; Brazil.