Brazilian Journal of Biology
versão impressa ISSN 1519-6984
SOBCZAK, JF et al. Natural history of interaction between Meteorus sp. Haliday, 1835 (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and its hyperparasitoid Toxeumella albipes Girault, 1913 (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae). Braz. J. Biol. [online]. 2012, vol.72, n.1, pp. 211-214. ISSN 1519-6984. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-69842012000100026.
Some parasitoids build a cocoon mass that hangs in the host body until the adults emergence, which is an advantage against attack by predators who troll the vegetation in search of prey. However, such behaviour is not effective against the hyperparasitoid attacks. This study reports the interaction between the caterpillar Manduca sexta Linnaeus, 1763 (Lepidoptera, Sphingidae) parasitised by Meteorus sp. (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) larvae and its hyperparasitoid Toxeumella albipes (Hymenoptera, Pteromalidae). This is the first description of the attack and oviposition of T. albipes.
Palavras-chave : behaviour; host; cocoon mass; parasitoid.