SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.18Linguistic and cultural adaptation to the Portuguese language of antimicrobial dose adjustment softwareProstate volume measurement by multiparametric magnetic resonance and transrectal ultrasound: comparison with surgical specimen weight author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

Share


Einstein (São Paulo)

Print version ISSN 1679-4508On-line version ISSN 2317-6385

Abstract

SARNO, Flavio; BITTENCOURT, Clarissa Alves Gomes  and  OLIVEIRA, Simone Augusta de. Profile of patients with hypertension and/or diabetes mellitus from Primary Healthcare units. Einstein (São Paulo) [online]. 2020, vol.18, eAO4483.  Epub Jan 31, 2020. ISSN 1679-4508.  https://doi.org/10.31744/einstein_journal/2020ao4483.

Objective

To analyze the characteristics of patients with hypertension and/or diabetes mellitus from Primary Healthcare units.

Methods

This is a retrospective study, with data collected from December 2014 of patients with hypertension and/or diabetes from 13 Primary Healthcare units located in the Southern region of Sao Paulo (SP, Brazil). Patients were compared by sex, diagnosis and cardiovascular risk using student t test, one way analysis of variance (ANOVA), and Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis and χ2 tests.

Results

We evaluated 28,496 patients aged 20 years to 79 years (mean of 57.8 years). Most of patients were women (63.2%) and aged 50 years old or older (74.2%). The participation in the Programa Remédio em Casa (Medicine at Home Program) was higher among women (12.7%), and the proportions of hypertension, diabetes and both diseases were 68.0%, 7.9% and 24.1%, respectively. Patients with hypertension and diabetes had higher participation in Medicine at Home Program (13.3%), and those with diabetes only had higher participation in Programa de Automonitoramento Glicêmico (Self-Monitoring Glucose Program) (20.0%). The proportions of low, moderate, and high cardiovascular risk were 33.0%, 15.5%, and 51.5%, respectively.

Conclusion

The sample of this study consisted of patients who were mostly women, aged 50 years or older and diagnosed with hypertension. Almost a quarter of patients also had diabetes and approximately one third and half of them were classified as low and high cardiovascular risk.

Keywords : Chronic disease; Hypertension; Diabetes mellitus; Primary Health Care; Population characteristics.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in English | Portuguese     · English ( pdf ) | Portuguese ( pdf )