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Brazilian Journal of Oceanography

versão On-line ISSN 1982-436X

Resumo

ALVES, Eliana dos Santos  e  PEZZUTO, Paulo Ricardo. Effect of morphodynamics on annual average zonation pattern of benthic macrofauna of exposed sandy beaches in Santa Catarina, Brazil. Braz. j. oceanogr. [online]. 2009, vol.57, n.3, pp.189-203. ISSN 1982-436X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1679-87592009000300003.

This study investigated the effect of environmental factors on the annual average zonation pattern of benthic macrofauna of sub-aerial profile of three exposed sandy beaches of Santa Catarina with different morphodynamic characteristics. Sampling was carried out between March 2000 and March 2001, with monthly frequency on reflective and dissipative morphodynamic extremes and bimonthly frequency on the intermediate state. Results showed that macrobenthic zonation presented marked differences across the morphodynamic spectrum. The main differences observed from reflective to dissipative conditions were: a) increase in the number of species in lower zones of the beach; b) expansion of zones characterized by high water content of sediment and c) increase in the overlapping of zones, mainly on lower levels of the beach. Canonical Correspondence Analysis related these differences to distinctive cross-shore gradients in sediment moisture levels, sediment reworking and mean grain size that exist across the morphodynamic spectrum, showing that it is important to analyze these environmental factors in studies conducted to investigate zonation on microtidal exposed sandy beaches.

Palavras-chave : Sandy beach; Zonation; Benthic macrofauna; Morphodynamics; Brazil.

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